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How To Treat Lung Cancer

Lung tumors can be malignant and benign. Lung cancer is a malignant tumor. It is not contagious and cannot be passed from human to human.

Malignant tumors are composed of abnormal cells that have the ability to spread beyond the place where they occur. If the tumor is not treated on time, it can attack and destroy surrounding tissue. Sometimes the cells through the blood or lymphatic vessels spread from the place of the primary tumor, also coming to other tissues and organs, where its further division created a new tumor, which is called metastasis. Among the most common risk factors in the making of lung cancer include smoking, environment (air pollution), and genetic predisposition.


The most important and most common symptoms of lung cancer include: a persistent cough, coughing up nonbleeding sputum, chest pain when coughing or deep breathing, shortness of breath, pneumonia that persists after treatment or pneumonia that are repeated in the same place, as well as loss of appetite and weight. These symptoms can also be caused by other diseases, which have nothing to do with cancer, or if you develop any of them, you should contact your doctor.


Treatment of lung cancer depends on its type, size, and localization, the degree of prevalence (whether it has spread beyond the lungs), general health status of patients and associated diseases (heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes, bronchitis, bronchial asthma…). Lung cancer is treated by surgery, radiotherapy (radiation) and chemotherapy (cytostatics). These methods can be implemented in isolation or together, surgical treatment can sometimes be combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatment of lung cancer is applied when the disease has not spread outside the body and can thus be removed from the body and the remaining part of the lung to the patient to enable a normal life. Speed recovery after surgery is an individual: some people recover quickly, others more slowly.

Most often it takes several weeks for the patient to recover fully from the surgery of lung cancer. Any major surgery, regardless of how successful and necessary, was followed in the postoperative period corresponding difficulties and problems.


Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells. It lasts for several days, followed by a rest period of several weeks to allow recovery of the body. The number of cycles of chemotherapy which receives depends on the type of cancer from which the patient suffers from reactions to the treatment. Chemotherapy can be given in an outpatient setting, but sometimes requires the patient to stay in the hospital for several days.

Radio – therapy

Radiation therapy is there to destroy cancer cells while at the same time inflicting minor damage to the normal cells. The number of treatments and duration of the therapy depends on the type and size of the tumors and determined by the radio – therapist. Radiation therapy is applied when, because of advanced stages of the disease cannot access the surgical treatment or in cases where the tumor abstraction trachea and large airways.

Sometimes radiation therapy is applied after surgery, but only when the tumor affected lymph nodes of the middle chest.